The word pandemic It has become a term that in recent months has been part of our usual vocabulary, so that we are aware more than ever of the importance of certain pathologies both due to their contagion and extension capacity and the severity that their symptoms cause in the health status of certain most vulnerable patients.
But not only COVID-19 makes man sick. In the situation we are currently living in, it is sometimes difficult to remember what other diseases we may suffer from, which can also aggravate our state of health and against which we must fight with the same intensity that we are doing to fight the coronavirus infection.
The obesity figures in the world
Until just a year ago, the World Health Organization (WHO) cataloged the obesity as the pandemic of the 21st century providing these overwhelming figures: of the 7,500 million inhabitants of the world, 1,400 million are overweight and more than 500 million are obese, causing as a direct consequence around de three million deaths a year. It is therefore a non-infectious global pandemic that reduces life expectancy in a person between 5 and 20 years.
Obesity is a global pandemic. This disease that we live with day by day, that we have come to normalize, and that in figures it far exceeds the prevalence of the famous SARS-CoV-2 that to date has infected 107 million people.
Exists for obese patients an increased risk for the development of various contagious diseases, complications after the same and mortality from critical infections. Multiple scientific publications that are seeing the light in recent weeks have established that the severity of coronavirus disease increases with body mass index (BMI).
Health implications of obesity
With these data, now more than ever, we must promote the development of preventive and therapeutic measures to combat obesity, not only because it increases vulnerability to infections, but also because these patients have a special metabolic state that makes them more susceptible to contracting diseases that considerably increase cardiovascular risk such as Type II diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure, hypercholesterolemia and sleep apnea, among others.
The metabolic syndrome suffered by obese patients is associated with a unhealthy lifestyle, tobacco consumption, unbalanced diets and physical inactivity. The treatment of obesity must be approached in a comprehensive and multidisciplinary way, using a wide range of therapeutic strategies and not being limited to a single approach.
The lifestyle changes that include a healthy and balanced diet, along with physical exercise on a regular basis, are the basis of obesity treatment, but they are difficult to obtain and, above all, to maintain over time. Although the results of these treatments are effective in the short term under close supervision, sustained weight loss and control of obesity-associated comorbidity are rarely achieved beyond one year.
Bariatric surgery: an effective solution
In 1985, the National Institute of Health US (NIH) established the health implications of obesity; in addition to its socio-economic and psychosocial impact. It was recognized that the risk of morbidity derived from obesity parallels the body mass index (BMI) and therefore the surgical treatment a potential solution.
The bariatric surgeryUnlike the therapies based on modification of habits and lifestyles, it offers some exceptional results with weight loss sustained longer. The limited efficacy of other treatments and the excellent results of this type of intervention, make surgery consolidated as a therapeutic step for obesity in an increasingly high number of patients.
There is consensus regarding the therapeutic approach of the patient candidate for bariatric surgery to be done from a specialized program with a multidisciplinary approach. With this objective, the comprehensive bariatric surgery unit of HLA Vistahermosa.
The practice of this type of intervention requires trained surgeons and an appropriate facility that you have adequate technology and postoperative care. The medical team that makes up this unit at HLA Vistahermosa is coordinated by the Dr. Maturana and made up of different professionals with extensive experience in treating this type of patient.
Among the different physicians that make up the team, the highlights are surgeons, endocrinologists, nutritionists, psychiatrists and anesthetists. The accumulated experience in bariatric laparoscopic surgery and the management by a multidisciplinary team have been a solid support and starting point that guarantees the success of our comprehensive program for the obese patient.
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Eddie is an Australian news reporter with over 9 years in the industry and has published on Forbes and tech crunch.