“When I had a migraine, I didn’t even want to leave my house. I missed work several times and no one believed me that a headache was such a bad thing. Having a migraine was one of the worst experiences of my life, ”my friend Sandra told me, who for several years dealt with this condition. There are different types of migraine and, although they share symptoms, characteristics and causes, this pain can vary from one person to another. without science having yet explained with certainty why. It can even disappear and reappear for no apparent reason.
Migraine with or without aura
The medical literature recognizes two main types of migraine: migraine with aura, which is called “classic”, and migraine without aura, recognized as the most common. The aura refers to a set of neurological symptoms that warn when pain is about to occur. In other words, a person who will suffer from a migraine may experience an “aura” about 10 or 15 minutes before it happens, or even up to 24 hours before. The aura usually causes:
- Blurry vision.
- Eye pain
- Spots of color or a temporary blind spot.
- Tunnel vision
- See sparkles or stars or zigzag lines.
The United States National Library of Medicine lists several migraine symptoms that can vary from person to person, but generally start with a dull ache and quickly get worse. They may feel like pounding or pounding, particularly on one side of the head, behind one eye or on the back of the head, even the neck. A migraine can last from four to 72 hours.
These headaches can be accompanied by:
- Shaking chills.
- More frequent urination.
- Fatigue and loss of appetite.
- Nausea and vomiting
- Sensitivity to light or sound.
After the migraine episode, the person may feel that their thinking is not clear, they may be drowsy and experience neck pain, what is known as a “migraine hangover”.
Causes and treatment of migraine
Migraine is the result of abnormal brain activity that can be caused by many factors. Perhaps that is why science does not know the exact cause of a migraine. They commonly appear between 10 and 45 years of age, can be hereditary, and are more common in women.
Factors that can trigger a migraine include: hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle, lack of sleep, drinking alcohol, some physical stress, loud noises or bright lights, abstaining from certain foods, certain aromas, smoking, going through a period of stress or anxiety and even certain foods. The most common are: chocolate, certain cheeses, products with monosodium glutamate, foods that contain tyramine, some fruits, pickles and sausages, and some nuts and seeds.
There is no specific treatment or cure for migraine headaches. The most effective is to try to detect what triggers it and refrain from it. If it occurs frequently, it is best to consult a medical professional who evaluates the best way to treat the symptoms and reduce the episodes.