Thursday, October 6

Unemployment supersedes the health emergency as the main social concern

The conclusions of the last barometer carried out by the Generalitat are presented as a kind of photograph of the social and political situation of the Community, a report that is called to serve as a compass to guide the Consell’s roadmap in its government action. Assessments are made in a context where 60.8% of citizens estimate that the economic situation is bad in the Community, although, at the same time, they trust in a more prosperous scenario in the short term, as 42.7% believe the situation will improve in the next 12 months. All in all, the message sent by 61.4% of society in times of difficulties is quite clear: politicians should strive to reach agreements, even if this means giving up some of their ideas and electoral promises. Also in this sense, they suspend the management of the Generalitat, with a negative score of 9.7% in the assessment of how the Administration chaired by Ximo Puig works in the search for social dialogue and political consensus, that is, that opinions on that their management has been bad or very bad outnumber those who estimate that they have done well or very well by that percentage.

While citizenship approves the health management of the Botànic, Discouragement spreads with the economic and political situation, although to a greater degree at the state level than at the regional level. The survey carried out by the company GfK for the Generalitat from 4,000 surveys carried out between June 11 and July 21, at a cost of 86,733 euros, shows that while 60.8% of the study participants considers the economic scenario in the Community to be bad, the percentage rises to 79.2% when the situation in the country is assessed. And the same happens with the political assessment: bad for 55.9% in the autonomous territory, while the figure shoots up to 77.8% at the state level. Along these lines, the report includes a general concern about political polarization: almost 80% believe that in Spain it is quite or very polarized compared to 61.1% who carry out this evaluation at the regional level. And that is why consensus is urged for the benefit of citizens and greater coordination is also required between local and national administrations, another of the issues in which the Consell does not pass the cut-off mark and remains at -7.4% .

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The general director of Analysis and Public Policies, Ana Berenguer, who presented the study this Thursday, appreciated that the results “They draw a scenario of recovery and pride in what has been achieved, despite the crisis generated by the pandemic”. Along these lines, vaccination management is the best valued, followed by the dissemination of health recommendations (+ 52.6%) and health care itself (+ 25.8%). Berenguer highlighted that the respondents “generally approve of the management associated with the pandemic, especially the health care received,” although he clarified that the aspects related to the current context of recovery are those that have received a less positive assessment, therefore He assured that the Generalitat is focused on working to achieve economic recovery. “For us it is a call to effort, dialogue and consensus,” he said.

Unemployment, health and economy and growth are, in that order, the three main concerns of Valencians today, after relegating the pandemic to fourth place. When the population is asked about their perception of the priorities that should receive greater attention in the recovery strategy, 90% agree that job creation should be facilitated, improve the educational system, allocate more resources to health research and innovation.

In any case, citizens show a strong rejection, above 95%, to reduce public spending on scientific research, social services, unemployment, education and, above all, in Health. It is about support for public investment that, however, contrasts with the fact that regional financing, that is, the resources that the Community receives from the State, occupies one of the last positions in the concerns of citizens. And it is these funds, precisely, that finance those services. Even so, 75.1% of the participants in this field work consider that the State is responsible for the well-being of all, while 11.4% consider that citizens are responsible for their own well-being.

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Support for the current state of autonomies grows

The 2021 barometer released by the Generalitat Valenciana shows that 44.9% of the 4,000 interviewees are in favor of a model of territorial organization of the State through autonomous communities that maintain current powers. This is a percentage that grows compared to the CIS data for the Valencian Community in 2015 and 2019, when the percentages stood at 36.9% and 41.1%, respectively. At the same time, there is a progressive reduction in support for a State model without autonomies or with fewer territorial powers than at present, which now stands at 29.2% compared to 40.3% six years ago, something that the Consell interprets as a reduction in supporters in more extreme ways. The figure of those who support today that the communities can be independent states reaches 4.9% of those interviewed.

Among the study participants, andl 30.8% affirm that they do not feel close to the ideas of any political party; 22.2% to the PSOE; 13.7% in the PP; 7.5% to Commitment; 5.3% in Podem; 5.1% to Vox; 2.4% at Cs; and 1.9% to the US.

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