Wednesday, January 19

US and Mexico approve new security framework after years of mistakes


Correspondent in Mexico City

Updated:

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As both administrations glimpsed days before the meeting, the celebration in Mexico City of the High Level Security Dialogue (DANS) between Mexico and States has eradicated the Merida Initiative, signed in 2008 by the presidents George Bush and Felipe Calderón, which focused on fighting organized crime, especially in the troubled areas of the border. An initiative that came to disburse 3,000 million dollars in the second term of Bush. Giving way to another type of alliance called the new Bicentennial Understanding, also called Mexico-United States Bicentennial Frame for security, public health and safe communities, between the two North American countries that share a 3,169-kilometer border with exports worth 262,811 million dollars only in the first six months of the year. It will come into force at the beginning of 2022, when the 200th anniversary of bilateral relations between the two nations, which has been attended by the President of Mexico, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, and his Minister of Foreign Affairs, Marcelo Ebrard who met in the National Palace and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs without Biden but, with senior officials of the US Administration that ranged from the United States Attorney General Merrick Garland, to the person in charge of national security, Alejandro Mayorkas, and Secretary of State Antony Blinken which has defined the new alliance as “holistic and comprehensive.”

Cross-border crime

The heading on security matters focuses on tackling the “root causes” of cross-border crime, treating drug use as a public health problem and granting legal certainty to Justice. The Ooperations against organized crime They will focus on joint actions such as the blocking of bank accounts, an example of what happened on October 6 to the Jalisco Cartel. This new stage aims to “prevent cross-border crime, persecute mafias and create safer communities with better health services.” In addition, it will try end “trafficking in drugs, weapons, people, wildlife, as well as human trafficking», Sentences the agreement.

Without a budget on the table, the Mexican Foreign Minister has confirmed the change in strategy that was previously focused on the arrest of the “cartel bosses.” “It was understood that this was enough, but now a common strategy more complex than that is being sought,” said the political authority. The change in attitude in the fight against drugs will mean “preventing consumption” by improving treatment for drug addicts and avoiding incarceration in cases of substance abuse. López Obrador summarized the signature with the fight against the bases of violence and its causes supporting rural and border communities to reduce violence with a fundamental transformation. Respect for the sovereignty of both countries and the management of migratory crises will be kept to avoid large migratory flows such as the 10,000 Haitian migrants who camped under the bridge that connects Del Río (Texas) with Mexico in mid-September.

Kill record

The Mesoamerican country faces the agreements with a record of murders, as stated Congressman Jorge Triana from the National Action Party: «While López Obrador plays baseball, entertains dictators, organizes raffles, demands apologies for events of 500 years ago, Mexico exceeds 100,000 violent homicides in less than three years of government. The figure is close to what was accumulated during Calderón’s 6 years, “he concluded. According to the National Institute of Statistics and Geography during the Calderón Administration, a total of 122,448 intentional homicides were registered. In 2018, the Mesoamerican country faced a homicide rate of 29.07 (per 100,000 inhabitants) and in 2007, when the Merida Initiative was signed, it was 8.1 while the United States recorded 52,623 overdose deaths in 2015, however in 2020 increased to 51,434.

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