Feeling the taste of food as well as burning and pain in the middle of the chest are the most common symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease, what we commonly call heartburn. In addition to burning, many people may experience difficulty swallowing, nausea, bad breath, a bitter taste in the mouth, or excessive belching.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) explains that gastroesophageal reflux It occurs when the contents of the stomach are returned to the esophagus. When stomach acid touches the lining of the esophagus it can cause heartburn. Some dietary changes that can help reduce symptoms.
Drinks and foods that make heartburn symptoms worse
1. Fried foods
French fries, fried chicken, donuts, and other fried foods can cause the esophageal sphincter to relax (a muscular tube that allows food to pass into the stomach and then closes to prevent it from rising again) allowing more stomach acid to flow back into the esophagus. But these are not the only and worst negative effects of eating fried foods.
2. Meats and fatty foods
Eating high-fat foods like bacon and pizza increases the risk of reflux symptoms. A study published in Przegląd Gastroenterologiczny found an association between the severity of GERD symptoms and a diet that includes fatty, fried, acidic or spicy foods and sweets.
3. Acidic fruits
Some highly acidic fruits such as tomatoes and citrus fruits (oranges, grapefruit, lemons, and limes) as well as pineapple can cause or worsen heartburn symptoms. So if you have reflux frequently you should reduce the intake of these foods, this too includes tomato-based sauces and tomato juice.
Chocolate contains an ingredient called methylxanthine that can relax the esophageal sphincter and increase reflux.
Peppermint also relaxes the sphincter between the esophagus and the stomach so it can cause gastroesophageal reflux and heartburn.
Drinking alcohol can make GERD symptoms worse in some people. Alcohol can relax the lower part of the esophagus, making it easier for stomach acid to back up. Lying down immediately after drinking can increase your risk of experiencing acid reflux at night. Also, alcohol can create more acid in the stomach and increase the risk of acid reflux.
There is not necessarily a direct medical cause between spicy foods and acid reflux and heartburn symptoms. However, various studies have reported that spicy food is among the foods that trigger heartburn symptoms in participants.
The Caffeine has been identified as a possible heartburn trigger in some people. It is believed that caffeine can relax the esophageal sphincter allowing more acid to rise, but the evidence is insufficient. Heartburn symptoms can be attributed to components of coffee other than caffeine. Some people find that grains with higher acidity can further aggravate their symptoms.
The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases recommends eat healthy and balanced amounts of different types of food. Small and frequent portions instead of three large meals.
The doctor might also recommend the patient to lose weight if he is overweight or obese, eat 2 to 3 hours before bedtime and avoid foods and drinks that make your symptoms worse.
Ekta Gupta, a gastroenterologist at Johns Hopkins Medicine advises eating foods high in fiber; alkaline foods to compensate for strong stomach acid, such as bananas, walnuts, cantaloupe, cauliflower; He also suggests water-rich fruit and vegetable foods, as well as soups to help dilute and weaken stomach acid.
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Eddie is an Australian news reporter with over 9 years in the industry and has published on Forbes and tech crunch.