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What are the best foods for people with kidney disease?


What are the best foods for people with kidney disease?

Blueberries are berries that have a high antioxidant capacity and a low phosphorus content.

Photo: Dina Nasyrova / Pexels

Eating right is very important for everyone with kidney disease. The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) notes that Steps to managing chronic kidney disease include: eating less salt and sodium; eat the right amount and the right types of protein; choose heart-healthy foods, limit alcohol, choose foods and drinks with less phosphorus and the right amount of potassium.

Here 10 of the best foods for people with kidney disease

1. Blueberries

Blueberries are berries that have great antioxidant capacity. They are a source of vitamin C and stand out because they are rich in polyphenols, especially anthocyanins that have multiple beneficial effects such as reducing inflammation, as well as heart disease and cognitive impairment.

These berries can be part of a kidney-healthy diet, Healthline notes that they are low in sodium, phosphorus and potassium.

2. Lubin

The body needs protein, but eating more protein than you need can make your kidneys work harder. According to the NIDDK, a person with kidney disease should eat small portions of protein foods.

Bass or seabass is a fish that provides high quality protein that has a fine and dense meat, very lean and delicate and has few bones. Its phosphorus content is lower than other fish and shellfish.

3. Bell peppers

Bell peppers are one of the richest fruits in vitamin C. Just half a cup of chopped raw red pepper has 95 mg of vitamin C, covering the recommended daily intake of this vitamin that contributes to the proper functioning of the immune system to protect the body against diseases.

Peppers are low in potassium and phosphorus.

4. Olive oil

Fat gives you energy and helps you use some of the vitamins in your food. Olive oil is a “good” fat with anti-inflammatory properties and it supports heart health.

5. Chicken without skin

Lean cuts of meat are healthier for your heart. Not only does skinless chicken breast contain less fat than skinless chicken, it also contains less phosphorus, potassium, and sodium.

Choose fresh chicken to prepare at homeSometimes the roasted or rotisserie chicken that they sell in stores, although in small quantities, can have additives such as sodium phosphate or soak in a saline solution (salt) before cooking to make them juicier.

6. Cauliflower

Cauliflower is a cruciferous rich in antioxidants. The Spanish Nutrition Federation points out that the main component of cauliflower is water, with a low content of carbohydrates, proteins and fats.

Cauliflower stands out for its vitamin C content, 100 g of this vegetable provide the recommended vitamin per day. It also provides potassium but in a lower amount than potatoes, so it can be a better alternative for mashed potatoes.

7. Egg whites

Eggs are a highly nutritious food, they are a source of high quality protein, they provide vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. Although the yolk contains most of the nutrients such as vitamin D, it also contains more calcium, copper, iron, manganese, phosphorus, selenium and zinc than the white. So the whites are a better option for people with kidney disease.

8. Garlic and onion

Garlic and onion contain sulfur compounds that give them their characteristic aroma and have anti-inflammatory properties. These are an alternative to spice up your meals and reduce the use and consumption of salt.

9. Buckwheat

Buckwheat is a pseudocereal with a high fiber content, it also provides proteins, minerals and antioxidants. Healthline notes that many whole grains tend to be high in phosphorus, but buckwheat is a healthy exception.

10. Macadamia nuts

Nuts provide protein, fiber, good fats, as well as vitamins and minerals. Macadamia nuts have a lower phosphorus content than peanuts and almonds.

The American Kidney Fund (AKF) explains that when your kidneys don’t work as well as they should, waste and fluids build up in your body. A kidney-friendly eating plan limits the amount of certain minerals and fluids you eat and drink to help prevent debris and fluid from building up and causing problems.

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