Tuesday, September 27

What is at stake for the Government of Meloni in Europe

Giorgia Meloni has established a good relationship with the United States in recent years, but has remained cold towards the European Union. In this respect, it is the same as Poland, with the difference that Italy is the third largest economy in the euro zone and a founding country of the EU. Bearing in mind the serious problems that the new government will face, above all due to inflation, the energy crisis and the war in Ukraine, in Brussels and in the European chancelleries there is enormous expectation that is not without concern. Giorgia Meloni has sometimes fiercely criticized the “bureaucrats” in Brussels, although in the last days of the campaign she moderated her language to convey calm.

The leader of the right-wing bloc has maintained a certain ambiguity, with different faces on certain issues, both national and foreign policy. For this reason, there is great interest in finally seeing her true face, which will inevitably be discovered by the Italians and Brussels when she confronts the real problems of the country and of international politics. In any case, faced with those who consider that Meloni’s euroscepticism could be very dangerous, many analysts estimate that she will be forced to act with her more moderate face.

Giorgia Meloni will not be able to change the line, initiated by Mario Draghi, of full support for sanctions against Russia, according to former NATO ambassador and international policy analyst Stefano Stefanini: “Not maintaining that line would cost Italy both its relationship with the European Union as with the United States, and that is a price that Rome cannot pay. Italy cannot afford the price of discontinuity in foreign policy.” At stake are more than 200,000 million euros, in loans and non-refundable money, which Italy will receive for five years, essential to reactivate its economy. In addition, due to its enormous public debt (2.7 trillion euros, the second in Europe after Greece), Italy is especially vulnerable if the European Central Bank continues to tighten its monetary policy. To benefit from the new system of bond purchases approved by the ECB, Italy must comply with all its commitments to the European Union, including the structural reforms demanded by Brussels.

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strength of democracy

Of course, no one in the right-wing bloc questions Italy’s international placement, but a certain way of being in Europe is an open chapter. For example, there are doubts and questions about Matteo Salvini and Silvio Berlusconi, among other things, because of the relations they had in the past with Russian President Putin. In any case, the great fears raised in some media about the danger of a government headed by Giorgia Meloni, are considered exaggerated by various analysts. This is how Rosa Balfour, director of the Carnegie Europe think tank, estimates it: “Italy has had strong populist parties for 30 years and, despite various attempts to undermine the rule of law, the country’s democratic institutions have largely remained strong. . A carefully crafted constitution after World War II to prevent the return of fascism has underpinned this resilience.”

Count on the best

Giorgia Meloni already has a series of institutional meetings on the agenda. “They want to be perceived as a party that can be trusted to make investments and run the country,” she has said of Brothers of Italy, Lorenzo Codogno, a former director general of the Italian Treasury. Meanwhile, Guido Crosetto, politician and businessman, co-founder of Brothers of Italy, Meloni’s right-hand man, assures that they will govern with an eye on all Italians: “It will be a terrible autumn. Poverty will intensify, many economic activities will close… And if Italy wants to save itself, if it really wants to survive, it will have to combine all the best energies. And everything means everything«.

On Meloni’s intentions to form a government, Crosetto explains that he will have the best: «Not only will the best, but all those who can hold an oar, at the service of Italy. Time cannot be wasted. Now we need a sense of community, solidarity, we need the strongest to carry the weakest on their shoulders, we need to say ‘enough selfishness’. And above all, it must be said with total clarity, we will only survive if we are together.


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