Saturday, June 25

What is it, when did it come about and where are we going now?


(CNN) — The president of the United States, Joe Biden, received a great setback to his government objectives a few days ago: he has to reinstate the controversial immigration policy of the Donald Trump era known as the “Remain in Mexico” program.

On Tuesday, the US Supreme Court rejected the Biden administration’s request to suspend a lower court order requiring the reactivation of Trump’s policy, officially known as Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP). English).

Three liberal judges of the Court publicly indicated that they had accepted the request to stop the order of the lower court; however, it was not enough to completely stop the order. Therefore, the “Remain in Mexico” program has to be reinstated.

Before getting to this point, several things happened with the MPP policy. Here are the most important points.

What is “Remain in Mexico”?

This Trump-era policy was officially unveiled on Thursday, December 20, 2018.

On that day, Kirstjen Nielsen, who at the time was secretary of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), announced that the United States had communicated to Mexico that people who entered the country illegally or who entered without proper documentation and requesting asylum, they would be sent to Mexico to await the resolution of their immigration procedures in the United States.

Asylum seekers from Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador had to wait outside the United States until their immigration procedures were completed. according to DHS.

More details of Trump’s policy

In short, this policy required migrants to remain in Mexico until the date of their hearing in the United States immigration court.

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According to DHS, the migrants would first be returned to Mexico, then they would be notified to appear in court, and then they would be allowed to enter the country for the hearing.

A DHS official said at the time that Mexico would continue to provide humanitarian aid to people awaiting legal proceedings near the border.

What happened to the “Remain in Mexico” program with the arrival of Biden?

This policy faced various processes to be reversed in the Trump administration. However, nothing could be done about it … until Biden became president.

Shortly after President Joe Biden assumed the presidency on January 20, 2021, DHS suspended new registrations for the MPP program.

Subsequently, Biden’s DHS began the process of gradually allowing asylum seekers previously subject to the “Remain in Mexico” program in the United States.

And it was on Thursday, June 1, that Alejandro Mayorkas, secretary of the DHS, announced that the Biden administration was formally ending the politics of the Trump era.

“I direct DHS staff to take all appropriate action to terminate MPP, including taking all necessary steps to rescind the implementation guide and other directives or policy guides issued to implement the program,” Mayorkas wrote in a memo.

Latest point: Trump-era politics are back

In April, a few months before the formal termination of the program, Texas y Missouri they sued the US government to reinstate a program that had already been suspended since Biden’s inauguration as president.

This month, with the formal end of the MPP policy, Trump-appointed District Judge Matthew Kacsmaryk said the Biden administration violated the Administrative Procedure Act (which requires government agencies to follow certain procedural steps when implementing policies) in the way it disposed of the program. “Stay in Mexico”, so I had to restore it.

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So the Biden administration appealed to the Supreme Court on Friday, August 20, after the US Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit said a day earlier that it would not suspend District Judge Kacsmaryk’s order to reactivate the program.

This brings us to the decision of Tuesday, August 24, of the US Supreme Court, in which it rejected the request of the Biden administration. At this point we go so far.

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