The diabetes it is a disease that affects more people than you might think. This occurs due to genetic factors, poor diet, overweight and obesity. In this sense, people who have had family background they run the risk of developing it.
In addition, during the pregnancy, women could develop what is known as gestational diabetes. There are some tests that can be used to detect this disease, and we will talk about them below.
How to detect diabetes
To detect it, you have to do blood studies and different tests to measure the sugar levels in her.
In any case, self-diagnosis is not recommended, especially since the tests that serve to measure blood sugar levels are not entirely reliable nor are they indicators of such a problem.
However, there are symptoms those to pay attention to when testing. If in doubt, it is important for an expert to diagnose the diabetes.
Fasting plasma glucose
This test measures blood glucose levels at a specific time. The exam is preferably done in the morning. You must not comer nothing in a period of 8 hours before the test; equally, you shouldn’t drink liquids except for a little water.
This is a blood test that measures the levels of glucose in the blood during Previous 3 months. You do not need to fast for this test.
The specialist will take into account several factors such as your age and presence of anemia or another blood problem. While the higher the percentages From the results, the higher the glucose levels, and this could determine the presence of diabetes.
To detect gestational diabetes
According to National Diabetes Institute, the test for gestational diabetes is to oral glucose overload or the oral glucose tolerance test.
The first is to take a blood sample after the pregnant woman has drunk a sweet liquid containing glucose. You do not need to fast for this test. Now, if the levels are high, it will be necessary to perform another test.
The second test is that of oral glucose tolerance. This serves as a complement to the previous one, and it will be necessary perform it on an empty stomach, at least 8 hours after the last meal.
After taking a blood sample, the specialist will supply the liquid with glucose. It will be necessary to obtain blood samples every hour for about 2 to 3 hours.
If the tests are consistent, the doctor will indicate what measures should be followed in case gestational diabetes is detected.
In the case of type 1 and 2 diabetes, these tests alone do not determine the type of diabetes. To do this, you must take blood samples to analyze the behavior of autoantibodies that are generated.
These autoantibodies are a product of diabetes, and vary between type 1 and 2. Thus, when examine them, your doctor will tell you What should you do and what you should comer from now on to take care of you.
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