Thursday, September 16

What would the Federal Republic of Central America be like today if it had not been divided into 5 countries (and the current challenge of integration)

  • Cecilia Barría
  • BBC News World

Flower seller outside the San Miguelito market in San Salvador.

Image source, Getty Images

The Federal Republic of Central America was a country that existed two centuries ago for about 15 years.

Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, the five countries that this Wednesday celebrate the 200 years of their independence from Spain, were part of the experiment, while Panama continued its own course to the interior of Greater Colombia.

If it existed today, the Federal Republic of Central America would be a nation of 46 million inhabitants with a territory of 423,000 square kilometers.

It would be the seventh largest economy in Latin America and the Caribbean after Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Chile, Colombia and Peru.

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