Tuesday, October 19

When does an ovarian cyst intervene in fertility?


Ovarian cysts are of various types and some of them may affect the fertilitywhile others do not. Therefore, you have to know what they are, and what to do if you have them.

Endometriosis is one of the causes of the appearance of cysts in the ovaries. Thats why he medical check it is always recommended.

What are cysts

Son bags or bags that are in a ovary or on its surface and contain fluid. The ovaries are located one by each side of the uterus and its shape is about the size of an almond.

The eggs are produced in the ovaries and are released during the menstrual cycles. The cysts that are formed in this organ do not generate any discomfort, or very little, and in many cases, they are not harmful.

Cysts in the ovaries
Some cysts can cause discomfort in the belly. Source: Pixabay

In fact, some disappear in a few months without the need for treatment. However, pay attention to the number of cysts and that is why the medical check-up is necessary.

Functional cysts

There are structures that are similar to cysts and they grow in the ovaries every month. These are the follicles, and produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone. When the normal follicle continues to grow, it is called functional cyst.

Functional cysts are of 2 types: follicular cyst and corpus luteum cyst. The first appears when the follicle does not break or release the egg when you are in the middle of your menstrual cycle; rather, it continues to grow.

When the follicle releases the ovum and estrogen and progesterone begin to be produced for conception. In this case, the cyst of the Corpus luteum. Sometimes you can accumulate liquid within the follicle, causing it to expand, thus forming the cyst.

These types of cysts are, in general, harmless, in accordance with Mayo Clinic. These disappear on their own between 2 to 3 menstrual cycles.

When cysts interfere with fertility

Functional cysts do not interfere with fertility of the woman. However, there are other types of cysts that they could cause problems conceiving.

The endometriomas are cysts that are produced by endometriosis. This problem occurs when the tissue that lines the uterus, known as the endometrium, grows out of it. These types of cysts are involved in fertility problems.

Infertility
You have to attend gynecological check-ups on a regular basis to find out how the health of the ovaries is. Source: Shutterstock

Another type of cyst that threatens fertility is that caused by the polycystic ovary syndrome.

This condition produces a series of cysts small in the ovaries. Furthermore, it makes the period is irregular and produces high levels of certain hormones. Being related to irregular ovulation, it could cause fertility problems in some women.

That’s why it’s important get a medical checkup every so often to verify that the uterus do not have cysts, or if you have them, determine the type and treatment indicated to remove them.

If they are functional cysts, the doctor may not recommend any treatment but wait for them to disappear on their own. On the other hand, if it is a more serious problem, it will be necessary follow a series of hormonal treatments to eradicate them.

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