Saturday, February 24

When it comes to expanding the electric car, Spain’s problem is Spain. Now Europe wants to fix it

The Transport Commission of the European Union has approved important regulations to guarantee the charging of electric cars with quick plugs on their main communication routes. The project takes into account some of the aspects where Spain is further behind.

the deal. The body in charge of ensuring mobility in the European Union has decided that the continent’s main land communication routes (RTE-T, we explain below) will have to have a minimum number of fast-charging plugs for electric vehicles, both light like heavy.

This document now has to be approved, once again, by the European Parliament, but the first vote, with 36 members in favor, six against and two abstentions, offers an idea of ​​the consensus that exists between the member countries, so it is to be expected that in the coming weeks the highest body of the European bureaucracy approves this decision.

What has been decided?. The member countries will have to have charging structures that offer, at least, a plug of 150 kW of power and a total sum of, at least, 300 kW of power every 60 kilometers (in each direction of circulation) before the 31st of December 2025. In addition, at the latest, the charging station will have to expand the available power to 600 kW, with at least two 150 kW plugs. This will apply to the TEN-T core network.

In the global network of this TEN-T, the deadlines are more flexible and each of the previous steps must be carried out with deadlines of December 31, 2030 and December 31, 2035, respectively. These infrastructures will be supported by urban nodes, which must also have fast charging points.

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Heavy vehicles. The recharging network for heavy vehicles has also been considered. In the basic network, the term until the end of 2025 is to have a charging station with a 400 kW capacity and a 350 kW plug every 60 kilometers in each direction of travel. By the end of 2030, charging stations with powers of 3,500 kW, with two 350 kW plugs, should be available.

In the global network, the distance is extended to 100 kilometers and the previous deadlines are pushed back to 2030 and 2035, respectively. Urban nodes will be key in this deployment. The maximum objective is that, by December 31, 2030, each of them will have a charging station capable of supplying 1,200 kW and a minimum plug of 150 kW.

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TEN-T network: the thick lines represent the basic network and the thin lines the global network. The discontinuous ones are roads to be built.

What is the TEN-T? The TEN-T is a road network that is distributed throughout the continent and whose objective is to structure European transport. In Spain, the basic network is made up of the Mediterranean corridor, the Cantabrian dual carriageway and motorway (A-8 and AP-8), the A-1, A-2, A-3, A-4, A- 5 and the roads that connect Seville-Algeciras and Seville-Málaga, as well as the A-23 (Zaragoza-Valencia) or the routes that separate San Sebastián from Portugal (passing through Salamanca) or Barcelona and Bilbao.

The global network is the network of highways and highways considered secondary by the European administration and that will have to have the obligatory fast plugs after a longer period of time. Among the most important we find the A-6 or A-66 (Vía de la Plata).

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far from expected. With the objectives set by the European Union (which have to be approved by the European Parliament), Spain is very far from meeting the minimum requirements just over three years before the recharging infrastructure deployment deadlines. According to the latest Electromobility Barometer carried out by Anfac, Spain only has 103 charging points between 150 and 250 kW in interurban spaces. In all of Galicia and Aragón there is one available, in Castilla y León, two, and for all of Andalusia, just six.

In fact, there are more than 250 kW charging points available, with 124 such stations. Of course, Extremadura does not have any and Asturias barely has four that fall into this category. It must be taken into account that the European Union claims even higher powers, of 350 kW.

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devoid areas. The European Union will require, if this resolution is approved, that every 60 kilometers there are charging points of at least 150 kW and 350 kW for heavy vehicles in its main networks (100 kilometers for heavy vehicles in the secondary). At the moment, roads included in the basic network are unattended to plugs with powers greater than 250 kW, which, let us not forget, add up to a total greater than the 150 kW available in our country.

Anfac assures that there are a total of 41 sections of 100 kilometers in which there is no plug of this type. But, in addition, on basic roads such as the Mediterranean corridor, there are sections of more than 300 kilometers without plugs greater than 350 kW and up to 400 kilometers of shortages on the route that separates San Sebastián from Portugal (passing through Salamanca), which is classified as basic. in the TEN-T.

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We have a plan to fill Spain with plugs for electric cars.  And at the moment it's pretty bad

consumer defense. In addition to the requirements of a minimum recharge network, the European Union also wants to provide greater coverage to consumers. A demand that has been repeated over time is that of being able to pay for recharging with a credit or debit card at the posts themselves, without the need to register in the application of the supplying company.

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