The initial vaccination rate against the coronavirus is slower than expected. The irregular supply of vaccines, less than the agreed, complicates the development of the strategy. The dates are delayed and the fulfillment of the objectives is moving away.
The Spanish Government, despite the initial delay, maintains the plan to vaccinate 70% of the population, 33 million people, at the end of the summer. At the current rate, however, according to calculations based on the doses received in the last delivery (1,075,110 on March 3), on that date only 15 million Spaniards will have received the two doses. Immunity against Covid, at this rate, would not be achieved until July 2022.
They have already received the first dose
The first groups established in the national vaccination strategy have already received the first dose and most also the second. In January it began with residents and staff of senior centers (group 1) and sanitary and first-line socio-sanitary (group 2). According to the only data provided by the Ministry of Health, 85.1% of residents in centers for the elderly have already received both doses.
In February, doses began to be administered to other health and social health personnel (group 3) and large dependents (group 4).
Older than 80 years
Vaccination of those over 80 years of age began in mid- February in Andalusia, later, the rest of the autonomous communities; the last, the first week of March. There are 2.8 million people, of which we must deduct those institutionalized in residences, already vaccinated. The objective of the European Union is to vaccinate 80% in March; but Fernando Simón, director of the Center for the Coordination of Health Alerts and Emergencies, asks for “flexibility” and extends the deadline until the beginning of April.
People between 70 and 79 years old
The next group is the population between 70 and 79 years old, four million people. They must wait for the vaccination of those over 80 years of age. Some communities may begin to administer the first doses at the end of the month of March 2021. However, at the current rate, in mid-May the first vaccine will continue to be administered to part of the population in this age group.
People between 60 and 69 years old
The challenge of vaccinating the population between 60 and 69 years of age is even greater, 5.5 million people. His shift begins after the 70-79 age bracket. At the current rate, the first doses will be administered in May 2021, although in August still a part will receive the injection for the first time. According to Pedro Sánchez, however, they will all be vaccinated before the summer, since he foresees that 20 million Spaniards will have received the complete guideline in June.
Members of the Security Bodies (National Police, Civil Guard, Autonomous Police and Local Police) and of the Armed Forces; Emergency Personnel (Firefighters and others); teachers and staff of early childhood education and special educational needs and primary and secondary. Since February 2021 AstraZeneca vaccine began to be vaccinated for essential professions personnel under 55 years of age, once it was discarded for the elderly due to its efficacy not demonstrated in them. According to data from the INE, these professions group around 1.5 million people in Spain.
Under 60 years of age at high risk
The Ministry of Health has not yet defined which diseases will have priority, although it is likely that these are pathologies where Covid is an added high risk, such as respiratory diseases, heart disease or diabetes. Therefore, the number of people affected is unknown, although a large part will already be covered by then because they are over 60 years of age. Your vaccination, if the current rate continues, would be from August 2021.
People between 56 and 59 years old
The population between 56 and 59 years old, two and a half million people, will have to wait until August 2021 to start the first dose. Some will not receive it until October, if the current rate continues. However, the Government estimates that by then immunity will have been achieved in Spain, 70% of the population with the complete vaccine.
People between 45 and 55 years old
People between 45 and 55 will begin receiving the AstraZeneca vaccine after essential professions staff. The first doses, therefore, could be started in April 2021, as long as the decision not to inject it to people over 55 years of age is upheld. There are 8.3 million people, the widest age group. People in this section who do not receive the vaccine developed by the University of Oxford will have to wait for the vaccination of those over 55. They will not receive the first dose until October 2021, if you continue the current pace.
People between 35 and 44 years old
The groups for the population under 45 years of age are not yet defined in the national vaccination strategy. In case of maintaining the current order, descending from ten to ten years, the following would be people between 35 and 44 years old. There are 5.3 million people. The first vaccines would not begin to be administered to this hypothetical group 10 until January 2022, if you continue the current pace.
People between 25 and 34 years old
A hypothetical group 11 could include people between 25 and 34 years old, following the logic of the previous age ranges. In total, 5.3 million young people still not included in the national vaccination strategy. Following the above order, at the current rate, the first doses will begin to be administered in May 2022.
People between 16 and 24 years old
The first doses to the population between 16 and 24 years old, not yet included in any group, should wait until July 2022, if the descending order of age groups continues and the current vaccination rate is maintained. There are 4.3 million people.
Under 16 years old
Those under 16 years of age, for the moment, will not receive any vaccine, since the drugs in the current catalog have not been studied in that age group. However, if the advances allow it then, and the descending age order is maintained in the groups, it will begin to be administered from September 2022, if you continue the current pace. There are 7.3 million children and adolescents. The vaccination of the entire population will end with them in January 2023.
George is Digismak’s reported cum editor with 13 years of experience in Journalism