Friday, December 3

Why should patients with rheumatic diseases exercise?

Why should patients with rheumatic diseases exercise?

Why should patients with rheumatic diseases exercise?

The rheumatic diseases They are very different from each other, but they share certain symptoms, such as stiffness, inflammation, pain, etc. Discomforts that can make many of the patients fall into a sedentary lifestyle.

But the reality is that all these symptoms can improve with the practice of physical exercise. “Performed on a regular basis, without exceeding certain limits, it has an anti-inflammatory effect,” as Dr. Raquel Almodóvar, rheumatologist at the Alcorcón Foundation University Hospital and member of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (TO BE).

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The rheumatologist insists that it is very important that physical activity is adapted the evolutionary stage of each disease, as well as the capacities and tastes of each patient.

This will help to maintain this healthy habit and patients notice a improvement in their quality of life.

But, unfortunately, the reality is very different.

Rheumatic diseases: Recommendations

In the initial phases of rheumatic diseases, the recommendations for exercising are the same as for the general population.

Only some adaptations are made depending on the characteristics of the clinical picture and the previous level of physical activity.

Dr. Flórez recalls that when it comes to exercising it is also very important:

Controlled and directed exercise

In patients with more advanced stages of rheumatic disease, the practice of exercise has to be much more controlled and directed depending on the clinical picture of each person.

«For example, in the advanced stages of osteoarthritis, spondyloarthritis, psoriatic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis it is recommended to perform low impact exercises and avoid those with high impact »indicates the expert.

In addition, as Dr. Almodóvar recalls, regular physical exercise can also prevent some rheumatic diseases, such as osteoporosis.

“A person in good physical shape should do exercises that have greater osteogenic capacity, that is, that contribute to bone formation. These are high-impact aerobic exercises, such as running or any sport that involves jumping. Also they high intensity strengthening exercises of the musculature that surrounds the areas of the body most at risk of fracture due to osteoporosis (thoracic and lumbar spine, hips and wrists) ”, says the rheumatologist.

He also insists that «this type of exercise is beginning to have preventive effect if they are carried out during childhood and adolescence ”.

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